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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms related to a hormonal imbalance that can affect women and girls, especially those of reproductive age.
PCOS can cause changes in the menstrual cycle, skin changes, such as increased facial and body hair and acne, cysts on the ovaries, and infertility. Often, women with PCOS also face metabolic problems.
What are the causes of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
Researchers and health professionals say that there are genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the development of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), but they don’t know exactly what causes the disease. Though the main cause of PCOD is hormonal imbalance, let’s look at causes that may stimulate these hormonal changes or imbalances.
Since PCOS symptoms tend to run in families, the syndrome is likely due, at least in part, to a change or mutation in one or more genes. Recent research in animal models suggests that, in some cases, PCOS could be due to genetic or chemical changes that occur in the womb.
PCOS is likely the result of a combination of causes, including genetic and environmental factors.
What are these factors?
Most PCOS symptoms are caused by higher than normal levels of hormones called androgens.
Hormones which are chemicals that control the body’s functions. One of the hormones that the ovaries produce is estrogen, sometimes called the “female hormone,” because a woman’s body produces more than a man’s body. The ovaries also produce androgens, sometimes called “male hormones,” because the male body produces more than the female body. Both men and women need certain levels of both hormones for normal health.
Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance: These women have higher than normal levels of androgens and may have lower than normal levels of estrogen. High androgen levels can:
- Interfere with the signals from the brain that normally cause ovulation, so it does not occur regularly.
- Make the follicles – small fluid-filled cysts within the ovaries where the eggs grow and mature – enlarge and form cysts
- Cause other symptoms of PCOS, including excessive hair growth and acne
What are the treatments for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
Since polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has a wide range of symptoms, and healthcare professionals can use various treatments to cure PCOD. Also, PCOS can be controlled and cured by following PCOD diets and maintaining an active and healthy life.
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However, this is possible only when PCOD is detected and treated at early stages. Clinical diagnosis and treatments for PCOS usually depend on:
- Your symptoms
- Other health problems you have
- If you want to get pregnant
Since some of the common treatments for PCOS symptoms can prevent pregnancy or harm the fetus during pregnancy, it is important to discuss your fertility goals with your healthcare professional when discussing PCOD treatment options. Make sure you fully understand treatment options and the effects on pregnancy before deciding on a course of treatment.
Also, some factors associated are with an unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking, can increase these risks of PCOD, so you should talk to your healthcare professional about the best way to eliminate these practices.
PCOS can be controlled and cured with proper diagnosis and treatment, and of course with a healthy lifestyle. So, if you experience any of the symptoms that may lead to hormonal changes causing PCOD, consult your doctor at the earliest.
At Its Healthy Moms, we have helped many girls to reverse their PCOD/PCOS just by changing their eating pattern and guiding them to make appropriate lifestyle changes.
You can be one of them too.