Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, also called ovarian dystrophy, is actually not aptly named. As, it is characterized not by cyst, but by an abnormally high number of ovarian follicles. Almost 1 in every 10 women between the age of 13 to 50 years suffer from PCOD, to varying degrees.
Our current lifestyle patterns have started to take an immense toll on our health. One such lifestyle condition that clutches women is PCOD / PCOS. Bad lifestyle, stress and low activity levels creates a hormonal imbalance leading to PCOD.
What can PCOD/PCOS lead to?
- Painful, irregular periods, and/or missed periods
- Excessive weight gain
- Pelvic pain
- Hirsutism (excessive facial/body hair)
- Mood swings
- Lack of ovulation during menstrual cycle
By following a proper diet and lifestyle, PCOS can be reversed. However, if not treated, it can lead to more serious health problems.
If you are still not sure if it’s worth getting treatment for PCOS, then here are some other side effects which you might want to consider. Let’s see what happens if PCOS is left untreated.
Difficulty getting pregnant: Yes, PCOS causes difficulty in getting pregnant. If left untreated, PCOS can also lead to infertility.
Cysts in ovary: Reduced or no egg production in the ovary forces the follicles to keep growing till they form multiple cysts. These are commonly referred to as “the string of pearls”. However, note that such cysts usually develop if PCOS is not treated for a prolonged time.
Diabetes / High Blood Sugar: PCOS causes insulin resistance, which means when affected with PCOS, muscles, tissues, and other organs of your body don’t absorb the blood sugar. This leads to diabetes in most women who left PCOS untreated.
Endometrial cancer (lining of the uterus): Untreated PCOD/ PCOS increases the chances of endometrial cancer in women. This happens because, PCOD stops the ovary from producing eggs, leading to the lack of progesterone thus letting the lining of the uterus grow uncontrollably leader to cancer.
Hypertension leading and cardio-vascular diseases: High blood sugar and diabetes caused due to PCOS can further lead to hypertension and the risk of cardio-vascular diseases.
Yes, it is important that you consult your doctor if you come across PCOD symptoms. Like any other disease, early clinical diagnosis and treatment is the best way out. Medical diagnosis of PCOD is based on the clinical examination of the patient, an ultrasound of the ovaries and the blood testosterone dosage.
Most often, a contraceptive pill is prescribed. Though these tiny pills put the ovaries at rest, and lowers the secretion of androgens. But, they do have their own side effects in the long run.
Although there is no permanent cure for PCOS till date, it can be reversed with a proper diet and a healthy lifestyle. The good news is that studies have found that many Indian women with PCOD are consciously changing their eating patterns and maintaining a healthy lifestyle to control this lifestyle disease.
At Its Healthy Moms, we have helped many girls to reverse their PCOD/PCOS just by changing their eating pattern and guiding them to make appropriate lifestyle changes.
You can be one of them too.